In preventing car breakdown it is not only a job of auto mechanic but also car owner’s responsibility to ensure that the car is road worthy to use so that to ensure road safety not only the person to use the car but also every motorist that travel along with them.
Below are the things to check as well as the parts of car maintenance schedule to avoid car breakdown especially while the car is in operation that may result in car stalling or much worst, a car accident.
Tire condition and pressure checking. Check the tire and tire pressure at least weekly or before going for a journey it is important to check the tire and tire pressure of all four tires including the spare tire. This is essential especially when having a long distance trips. Set the tire to the standard tire pressure specified on the car owners manual or the pressure indicated on the label that usually adhere on the driver side door. Use a tire pressure gauge for checking since it is not accurate for visual checking to know if the tire is over inflate or under inflate. Tire pressure should be checked after the car runs for about 1 km. Also check the tire for damage or excessive tire wear, since it is not safe to run the tire when it is damage or when the tread is excessively worn out.
Car battery terminal and fluid condition checking. At least every two months the car battery should be checked, start the checking on the battery terminals. Observed the terminals if there is a presence of cruddy like substance, this substance prevents the flow of current into the starter when cranking the engine. Use a wire brush to remove the substance then rinse the terminals with soap and water. Once the terminal is cleaned, apply enough amount of petroleum jelly to prevent accumulation of cruddy like substance in the future. Then inspect the amount of battery fluid if it’s enough, the fluid must cover the top plate. Insufficient amount of battery fluid can lead to battery drainage, overheating or even exploding.
Brake fluid. Brake fluid should be check at least every month, observe the reservoir if there is enough amount of brake fluid, and also observe if the fluid is dirty this happens when the fluid have not been replace for a long period of time. Insufficient amount of brake fluid may result to loose of brake effectiveness when braking.
Belts condition inspection. Belts such as compressor belt, fan belt, alternator belt should be check at least monthly. Observed all belts if there is looseness, worn out, or cracks and replace if necessary. Continuously use of damage or worn out belts can cause breakage which may result to car problem such as engine overheating or battery draining depending on what belt is broken.
As for the timing belts, it should be replaced every 50,000 miles broken or not to avoid being broken when the especially when the car is in operation. Broken timing belt can cause car stalling and might damage the engine and can cause expensive repair for the car.
Power steering fluid. Power steering fluid should be checked at least every two months, check if the power steering fluid is sufficient enough, if not then this means that the system has leak. When the power steering fluid is not sufficient this might cause accident especially while driving at high speeds.
Automatic transmission fluid. For car with automatic transmission, the ATF should be check every 12000 miles, observe the color of the fluid if its black or brown with the smell like burnt this is an indication that the transmission operates at extremely high temperature, in this case you need to bring the car to repair shop for checking.
Those are just few car maintenance items that can be checked by car owner, there are more that is indicated on the car owners manual that included when the car is purchased, however the most important car maintenance schedule that should not be neglected is by performing the most common services such as oil change, lube job, and engine tune up this will determines how long the car will last when this was performed regularly the car will maximize its life